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Best Practices for First-Time Landlords

illustration about a landlord admiring his new property
April 30, 2020

Renting property in the DC area can be very lucrative when done properly. Unfortunately, many first-time landlords find themselves in time-consuming and expensive situations because they never took the time to learn how to choose the right tenants.

We’ve combined our decades of property management experience to give you the best advice on how to rent your property with the least amount of headaches and the highest amount of profit possible.

Assemble Your Team

Even if you plan on managing your own property instead of hiring someone, you’ll need an attorney to help you draft applications, leases, and file evictions.

In addition to an attorney, you occasionally will need to hire one or all of the following people to assist you with various tasks:

  • Financial professional
  • Property manager or real estate agent
  • Handyman
  • Contractors

Prepare The Property

Once you’ve got your team in place, it’s time to get your property ready to rent. Remember that tenants are less likely to take care of a home than an owner is, so be mindful of this when considering upgrades and improvements.

At a minimum, the home should be free of major structural issues, and all systems, including plumbing, HVAC, and electrical, should be working.

Advertise Your Property

The DC real estate market has various print and online advertising mediums available for landlords to attract prospective tenants.

Craigslist is among the most popular because of its ease of use and low prices. But it is a breeding ground for scams of all types. Be wary of poorly-written messages from prospective tenants stating they are out of the area and will send you money if you send the keys.  

The Washington Post’s Rentals section is more expensive but attracts more serious prospects. Because it is a regional publication, you’re less likely to get spammy messages from fake tenants.

Other options include large national websites like Trulia and Realtor.com, though these may not produce as many good leads.

Screen Tenants Carefully

Before you even agree to meet a prospect in person, you should have a prescreening process in place to avoid wasting time on tenants who cannot afford what you have to offer. This is especially true in the DC market because housing costs are extremely high compared to most people’s median income in the area.

You cannot assume tenants will always be truthful about their financial situation and other details of their lives. It’s critical that you require a signed application and credit history once you’ve met, and they would like to live in your rental.

Even if cash flow is an issue, you cannot move in the first person who comes along with cash in hand to rent your property. The screening process is the most important part of the rental process.

If you perform your due diligence and find the right tenants for your property, things go a lot more smoothly down the road.

Have a Contingency Plan in Place

Even if you’ve done a great job preparing your property and selecting the right tenants, nothing is perfect. Problems will happen.

If you prepare yourself for these problems ahead of time, you’re likely to have fewer issues keeping your tenants happy and your properties rented.

No matter how prepared you are mentally and financially, there will be curveballs thrown your way at the worst possible time.

Adopt a Long-Term Mentality

Becoming a landlord in the DC area is not for those looking to make big money in the short term. In fact, because of the high cost of real estate in the area, you’re likely not to make much money in the first couple of years, especially if you just bought the property.

You must look at this as a way to build long-term wealth. When done properly, your profits will steadily rise as you build equity in the property and incrementally increase the rent.

Being a landlord is hard work. If you find yourself constantly struggling to handle your growing portfolio of rental properties, it may be time to hire a property manager. They’ll save you time, money, and the headache associated with self-management. If you’re determined to DIY like many first-time landlords have, you can still reach out to us for advice!

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